Relationship Between Solar Energy and Renewable Energy Resources
Currently, a huge percentage of industries utilize renewable energy resources. Among the various options available, solar energy is one of the most popular and organic sources of energy. Statistically, over 2 million solar energy systems are currently operational in the United States which can extend to 4 million by 2023.
Notably, the amount of sunlight reaching the Earth’s surface in one hour and 30 minutes can sustain the total global energy consumption rate in one year. Reportedly, at least 173,000 TW of solar energy constantly radiates towards Earth. Scientists utilize solar technologies to convert it into electrical energy. Components like mirrors or advanced photovoltaic (PV) panels are useful for harnessing solar power.
There are many reasons why the usage of the solar energy system is popular in the context of renewable energy resources. Here, we shall discuss that in more detail.
What is Solar Energy?
The process of nuclear fusion that occurs in the sun causes solar energy. This happens after the protons present in the hydrogen atoms collide harshly against the core of the sun. Then, it fuses to form helium atoms. In the scientific sense, this process is called the photo-proton (PP) chain reaction and releases a huge energy amount at this time.
Typically, hydrogen, specifically 620 million metric tons of it, fuse inside the sun’s core each second. This chain reaction ensures continued heat and energy in this star and rises to 4 million degrees Kelvin/7 million degrees Fahrenheit.
To note, the CNO cycle can create energy as well and is responsible for about 2% or less of total solar energy. Here, the cycle is useful for converting hydrogen atoms into helium atoms, utilizing carbon, nitrogen, as well as oxygen
Advantages of Solar Energy Systems
There are multiple reasons behind the importance of solar energy which prompts companies to invest in creating solar energy systems. They include the following.
- A clean energy source for climate protection – Renewable energy resources do not emit excess greenhouse gases, unlike non-renewable sources. This is why the process of creating solar energy and using it for electric energy conversion is safe and environment-friendly.
- Solar energy is endless – Options like nuclear energy, oil, gas, and coal-based energy are powerful but there is a limit to their usage. Clean energy sources like solar energy are not; the PV panels can convert this into electricity every day. For better sustainability and long-term usage, building a solar energy system is useful for future generations to continue employing.
- Zero contaminants – There are no toxic substances that come out of the solar energy conversion process, unlike the non-renewable varieties. Generally, the contaminants can toxify the water/land ecosystems and cause health conditions like asthma or cancer. Unlike that, solar energy does not affect the composition of the environment in a degrading manner.
- Improves job opportunities and revenue – A non-conventional benefit of using a solar energy system or its alternatives like wind energy is the potential for growth opportunities. Renewable energy sources like sun or wind are available anywhere globally. Hence, there is no need for spending high amounts on energy imports.
Local employment rates multiply as well and companies benefit from this investment. Statistically, more than 250,000 U.S. citizens gained employment in the solar industry in 2019.
5. Competitive resources in the market – Most renewable energy resources like PV panels and windmills are less costly to construct, monitor, utilize, and repair. Many companies globally are opting for these resources for their energy conversion needs.
Overall, solar energy is one of the most used and valuable renewable energy resources of current times. They are cost-effective and user-friendly, plus the energy output is higher compared to its alternatives. So, investing in building these systems is valuable, and would continue to prosper in the upcoming years.